Glossary

Some words, expressions, courtesies, etc. that are frequently used during training and seminars.

JAPANESE

MEANING

SPELLING

onegaishimasu

if you please

お願いします

hajime

begin (let's begin)

始め

soremade

heretofore, stop

それまで

yame

stop, finish

止め

domo arigato gozaimasu

thank you

どうも有難う御座います

do itashimashite

you're welcome, my pleasure

どういたしました

shizentai

natural posture, natural stance

自然体

kama’e

stance, posture

構え

seiza

correct kneeling

正座

suwari waza

techniques performed kneeling

座り技

hanmihan dachi

nage kneels, uke is upright

半身半立ち

tachi waza

techniques performed upright

立ち技

hidari

left

migi

right

omote

front side, in front

ura

back side, along the back (dorsal) side

kaiten

rotation, spin

回転

irimi

step in (with your body)

入り身

tenkan

turn around, veer, change stance, backwards

転換

taisabaki

turn of the body

体捌き

tai no henka

turn of the body from ‘gyakuhanmi katate dori’ position

体の変化

ayumi ashi

step, change step

歩み足

suri ashi

sliding stepping movement

摺り足

aihanmi katate dori

seizing the hand from the samen basic stance

相半身片手取り

gyakuhanmi katate dori

seizing the hand from a mirroring basic stance

逆半身片手取り

morote dori

the uke seizes with both hands one of the nage's hands (‘katate ryote dori’)

諸手取り

ryote dori

the uke seizes both the nage's hands

両手取り

sode dori

seizing the arm or the forearm

袖取り

hiji dori

seizing the elbow

肘取り

mune dori

seizing the lapel

胸取り

kata dori

seizing one shoulder

肩取り

kata dori men uchi

seizing one shoulder, followed up by a straight strike at the head with the other hand

肩取り面打ち

chudan tsuki

thrust with the fist at the stomach

中段突き

shomen uchi

a straight strike with the hand tot the top of the head, from top to bottom

正面打ち

yokomen uchi

oblique (slanting) strike at the head

横面打ち

eri dori

seizing the collar

襟取り

ushiro eri dori

seizing the back side of the collar

後ろ襟取り

ushiro kubi shime

strangle from behind

後ろ首閉め

ushiro ryokata dori

seize both shoulders from behind

後ろ両肩取り

ushiro ryote dori

seize both wrists from behind

後ろ両手取り

ukemi

passive movement of the body (by falling, by having you guided)

受け身

mae ukemi

exercise to train forward fall (roll forwards)

前受け身

zempo kaiten

exercise to train forward fall (advanced roll)

前方回転

ushiro ukemi

exercise to train backwards fall (roll backwards)

後ろ受け身

koho kaiten

exercise to train backwards fall (rearward facing roll)

後方回転

yoko ukemi

exercise to fall sideways (sideways roll)

横受け身

tobi ukemi

exercise for free fall („flying fall”)

飛び受け身

budo

way of the martial arts (road, the way to find yourself)

武道

aikido

way of the harmony (‘aiki no michi’)

合気道

o sensei

‘Ueshiba Morihei sensei’ (biggest teacher)

大先生

Tendoryu aikido

aikido style (school, direction) Tendo (‘Shimizu Kenji sensei’)

天道流合気道

rei

grattitude, respect, courtesy

jin

humanity, love of one's fellow man, benevolence, consideration

yuki

courage, valour

勇気

makoto

sincerety, honesty, sense of reality

shinken

seriousness, earnestness, genuine attension

真剣

shoshin

beginner's mind

初心

awase

harmonise

合わせ

nagashi

stream, flow

流し

junansei

ability to addapt, flexibility, pliancy, ability (possibility) to accompany (come along)

柔軟性

kuzushi

disrupt balance (equilibrium)

崩し

ma’ai

distance, bearing (posture, relation) to one another (harmonic space, area)

間合い

keiko

training of Budo (repeat the past)

稽古

renshu

exercise, training in general

練習

kokyu ho

breathing technique, control of respiration

呼吸法

iki o haku

breath out (abandon one's breaht)

息を吐く

iki o su

breath in (pick up one's breath)

息を吸う

sensei

teacher, master, professor (the earlier born)

先生

waka sensei

young teacher, maste

若先生

shidosha

certified trainer in the global organisation (TWA)

指導者

sempai

elderly student

先輩

deshi

student

弟子

nage

throwing (also ‘shite’) => target, aim of the ‘uke’

投げ

shite

leading hand (also ‘nage’) => leading, guiding of ‘aite’

仕手

uke

receiving, passive (also ‘aite’) => undergoes the action taken by ‘nage’

受け

aite

opposite, converging hand (also ‘uke’) => partner of ‘shite’

相手

shiho nage

four directions throw, sword throw

四方投

irimi nage

throw while stepping into the center

入り身投げ

kote gaeshi

throw while twisting the wrist (literally: giving back the forearm)

小手返し

atemi waza

technique to accompany the partner with a thrust that doesn't hit

当身技

hazushi waza

techniques to free oneself from the grip of the attacker

外し技

katame waza

techniques to pin down, to restrain (‘osae waza’)

固め技

ikkyo

first control technique (=>’ude osae’)

一教

ude osae

control technique (ikkyo) restraining the whole arm

腕押え

nikyo

second control technique ( => ‘kote mawashi’)

二教

kote mawashi

control technique (nikyo), with inward twisting of the wrist

小手回し

sankyo

third control technique (=> ‘kote hineri’)

三教

kote hineri

control technique (sankyo), with inward twisting of the forearm

小手捻り

yonkyo

fourth control technique (=> ‘tekubi osae’)

四教

tekubi osae

control technique (yonkyo) to restrain the wrist by pressure on a nerve

手首押え

sutemi waza

sacrificing throw

捨て身技

henka waza

technique in which one changes direction

変化技

kaishi waza

taking over, counter

改し技

renzoku waza

sequence of techniques

連続技

jiyu waza

exercising techniques freely

自由技

dojo

training room, place to do you enlightenment exercises

道場

kamiza

seat of the gods, place to sit for the highest ranking (often marked by a symbol)

神座

shimoza

place to sit for the lower ranking

下座

dogi

coat and trousers (for training)

胴着

hakama

traditional Japanese trousers

zori

sandals (generalry straw)

草履

bokken

wooden sword

木剣

jo

cane

tanto

Japanese dagger

短刀

Source: Tendoryu Aikido Roermond


 

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